Monday, 23 September 2013

The History of Seraiki Wasaib

"Who controls the past controls the future: who controls the present controls the past."
George Orwell

Nothing more would have explained importance of History of Seraiki Wasaib for Seraikis as explain these two sagacious lines of George Orwell. It is must for all Seraikis to read History of Seraiki Wasaib and analyze those factors which led to dismal and deplorable condition of 50 million Seraikis living in Pakistan. Unfortunately, Seraikis today are not master of their destiny, they cannot make any decision effecting their collective lives . Due to lack of control over decision making process, along with anything else they do not have any history of their own. Intentional efforts are being made to deface this 50 million strong true Pakistani nation and give it a false label of a Punjabi. History being a memory of nations is a major source for all nations , which reminds them of their past , it explains them lot of things and provides justification for whole range of issues . History only is the mechanism by which nations could understand their present and formulate their future line of action. Thus in order to deface any group and deny its existence it becomes imperative for a dominant group to corrupt and to send to oblivion the history of depressed group. That is what Punjabis have done with Seraikis. Seraikis are not aware of what happened to their land in past , they are not alive to the fact that for centuries theirƒ areas are served as battle grounds and they were denied rights in their own home. If Seraiki do not look back into history, it is impossible for them to understand reasons for their current miserable plight. If History of Seraiki Wasaib was written and all the Seraikis had access to it , Punjabis definitely would have find it difficult to keep this nation enslaved and Seraiki province would have appeared on the political map of the world quite a long ago.

Multan is mother of all Seraiki areas, because in past they all were part of it and parted from it during long course of history. Today we find some Seraiki areas incorporated in Punjab, while others are part of NWFP, Baluchistan and Sindh. In past they were part of one single administrative entity called Multan. Multan in history existed as an independent state, a province, a division and now as a district. It is one of the few living cities of the world which have their origin in pre-historic times. There are countless references about Multan in ancient and medieval history. Medieval historian describe Multan as province of Sindh, during Ghaznavid period it was a separate province, it existed as independent state under Nasir-u-Din Qabacha. Then during Sultnate era it was a province which owed its allegiance to Dehli. It became independent state under Langhas, later on it became province of Mughal era. Although Multan was biggest and hence most important province of Mughal empire, but it is the period when question was put on its territorial integration. It lost it significance to great extent when Lahore gained importance. During the centuries which followed Multan kept losing its territories and its grip on its peripheral areas became weak. It lost lot of area in south to Daudaputras when they established State of Bahawalpur. In west and north-west Dera Ghazi Khan and Dera Ismail Khan came into existence and at a times remained independent of influence from Multan. Finally, the Sikh Invasions of 19th century snatched identity of Seraiki wasaib from it and labeled the whole wasaib as Punjab . However it is interesting to note that Multan remained a separate province in Mahara Ranjeet Singh's Punjab.

Seraiki Areas,
excluding those in
and Sindh.

Punjab is phenomenon of yesterday . Although punjabi speakers existed from time unknown but there was no Punjab, as there is no Seraiki Wasaib today , but that does not mean Seraikis never existed. It has its origin in early part of 19th century when short lived Sikh rule was established as a result of rise of Sikh Religious Nationalism and conquests made thereafter. The areas what now are called Pakistani Punjab and Indian Punjab were brought under Sikh dominion (there were some other territories which now are separate provinces of Hariana, Himachal, Some areas were incorporated into N-W.F.P in 1901). However Sikh rule proved to be short lived and after British takeover the Sikh dominion became part of British Empire. This is the point where Multan's separate identity as an administrative unit was merged with that area of rest-while unknown Punjab. Before British take over Punjab was an independent state and Multan was it's province. When Punjab became province of British empire, status of Multan was reduced to that of a division. The British Bureaucrats and Civil servants , who although did great a job of writing extensively about history , culture, geography , geology etc. of the areas under their control. But they overlooked some facts and considered Seraiki as a dialect of Punjabi. Although some Punjabi intellectuals of that time who wrote about Punjabi labguage, considered Seraiki as a separate language. Similarly, today even, Sikhs do not include Seraiki areas in the definition of Punjab.

When both India and Pakistan gained independence, Indians keeping in mind the ground realities and in order to provide sound foundations to the newly created country carved two states out of the over stretched East-Punjab in 1967. Whereas Pakistan fell in the hands of naive politicians, who grossly failed in managing the affairs of the state and could not draft a constitution for quite a long time. They lacked political accumen, sagacity and foresightedness. So not only the failed to realize ground realities , but took actions which proved fatal for Pakistan , one such action was declaring Urdu as a national language (India declared 14 languages as it national languages) , the second blunder was keeping over stretched Punjab intact , not only this they also merged State of Bahawalpur in it . Today all smaller provinces seem fed up with the politics of this big brother. Which in fact is not big, it derives its powers from Seraiki land and people included in it. If we listen to history and act according to what it tells us , we can get rid of lot of ominous political tensions , which are eroding very basis of federation of Pakistan.

Today Seraikis are in control of Punjabis and reading history written either by Punjabis or by the people who don’t belong to this area. So we are told that we always were part of Punjab and Seraiki is just a dialect of Punjabi. It in fact is a political wickedness, by doing so they are user pingour economic and political rights. They want to deprive us of our history and identity, because only in this way they will be able to maintain their unholy dominance on us. Because who controls the past, controls the future.

Thanks to

Thursday, 12 September 2013

Derawar Fort, Abbasi Masjid (Cholistan) Bahawalpur, Pakistan

Derawar Fort is in Bahwalpur (Pakistan), worth watching. It is better to get permission from the caretakers of the Fort before reaching there. Without permission they won’t let you in the Fort and graveyard. Graveyard is really worth watching and the mosque which is replica of Jamia Masjid Delhi (India) is magnificent because of marble work.

Tuesday, 10 September 2013

The last Ruler of Bahawalpur

President Ayub Khan with Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan V Abbasi

The Government of Pakistan announced the death of “General His Highness Nawab Al Haj Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan V Abbasi, N.Q.A, G.C.S.I., G.C.I.E., K.C.S.I., K.C.V.O., L.L.D., the Ameer of Bahawalpur at 1.45pm on May 24, 1966, at London… His Highness was a great patriot…” In Pakistan, the national flag was lowered to half-mast on public buildings.

In London, the representatives of the Queen condoled following funeral prayers. At Karachi airport, the General Officer Commanding, Pakistan Army, received the body of the late ruler on behalf of the President of Pakistan. Units of the Pakistan Army presented an Honour Guard as six pallbearers from the Army bore the late ruler’s coffin draped in the national flag.

A special train escorted by an Honour Guard transported the coffin, members of his family and household staff to Bahawalpur.

On the following morning, the railway lines in the former Bahawalpur State were blocked by people mile after mile. Immense crowds expressed grief at the loss of their former sovereign who had succeeded to the throne of Bahawalpur State in 1904. He represented almost three centuries of peace, dignity and benevolent rule.

At Sadiqgarh Palace, the coffin was mounted on a gun-carriage escorted by six generals of the Pakistan Army; the procession followed on foot for one kilometre through silent crowds. Thereafter, the procession entered vehicles bound for Fort Derawer in the Cholistan desert to bury the last of Bahawalpur’s rulers alongside his ancestors.

At Fort Derawer six buglers of the Pakistan Army sounded the Last Post. Artillery batteries of the Pakistan Army, coordinated by radio, fired a 17-gun salute simultaneously from Rawalpindi and Fort Derawer. Thus the history of Bahawalpur State was buried.

The territories of Bahawalpur State comprised an area larger than Denmark or Belgium, its ruler was entitled to a return visit from the Viceroy of India. On August 14, 1947, its eastern border across ‘the Great Indian Desert’ was shared with India for 300 miles. Its western border was the River Indus, while its northern border was the River Sutlej shared with Punjab, and its southern border was shared with Sindh.

By 1947, Bahawalpur State’s institutions, largely set up by successive British advisors with support from the rulers, consisted of departments run by trained civil servants; there was a Ministerial Cabinet headed by a Prime Minister; the State Bank was the Bank of Bahawalpur with branches outside the State also, including Karachi; there was a high court and lower courts; a trained police force and an army commanded by officers trained at the Royal Indian Military Academy at Dehra Doon.

Regiments of the State’s Forces were later to become distinguished regiments of the Pakistan Army such as the 8th Baluch (1st Bahawalpur Light infantry), the 9th Baluch (2nd Bahawalpur Light Infantry), the 20th Baluch, the 21st Baluch, the 14th Abbasia Field Regiment Artillery, etc.

Education was of special interest to the late ruler. A network of primary and high schools, colleges and a university called Jamia Abbasia (now the Islamic University of Bahawalpur) were operative in the state. Education was free to A level and the State’s Government provided scholarships of merit for higher education. In 1951, the late ruler donated 500 acres in Bahawalpur city for the construction of Sadiq Public School. It was to be the last large education institution to be built in his lifetime.

This institution produced politicians, a chairman of the Senate, businessmen of today’s Pakistan, and several corps commanders. Libraries existed in every tehsil and a most impressive central library (the Sadiq Reading Room) at Bahawalpur was inaugurated in 1924 by Sir Rufus Daniel, Governor General of India. A well-stocked zoo was established in the city as also was the Bahawal Victoria Hospital.

The Boundary Commission formed for partition of India and chaired by Sir Cyril Radcliff allocated the territories to comprise the Dominions of Pakistan and India. The Award excluded the territories of Bahawalpur State from Pakistan since they were not part of British India.

Correspondence from the 1930s between Allama Iqbal and the late ruler shows his interest and support for the Muslim struggle for a homeland, with ongoing financial support for the Muslim League. A relationship of many years developed between the late ruler and the Quaid-i-Azam, who was also engaged professionally for a period to advise. It was this relationship that was later to become significant, politically and economically, in the strengthening of Pakistan.

While India inherited Delhi, the imperial capital, Pakistan had Karachi, then a small town with virtually no State apparatus, without stationery in offices and no State Bank. Financial funding for the new dominion and facilitation of the Quaid to operate as Head of State and the running of administration was much needed.

For the inauguration of the Quaid as Governor General of Pakistan in the presence of the Viceroy, Lord Mountbatten, on August 14, 1947, the late ruler dispatched units of Bahawalpur’s State Forces to Karachi to provide an Honour Guard on the occasion. A Rolls Royce open Landau was also dispatched for the Quaid to receive Lord Mountbatten and proceed through Karachi to Government House.

Bahawalpur State was independent of Pakistan. The India Act of 1935 provided that the future status of the State lay with its ruler. For Pakistan securing the eastern border with India and for ensuring the passage of water from the rivers Sutlej and Indus was critical (an elaborate and modern irrigation system was in place); all the new Dominion’s lines of communication from north to south ran through Bahawalpur State. Consequently, the State became politically central to the survival of Pakistan in 1947.

At a meeting with the late ruler at Bahawalpur House, on his private estate at Malir, Karachi, a formal request from Quaid-i-Azam was made to politically federate Bahawalpur State with Pakistan in order to secure its eastern border. It was unhesitatingly accepted by the late ruler of Bahawalpur.

On October 10, 1947, in pursuance of the India Act of 1935, a constitutional Instrument of Accession, in favour of the Dominion of Pakistan, was drawn out by the late ruler and signed by him and the Quaid. Under the terms of the India Act it was open for the ruler to limit the exercise of federal authority in the State.

A list of federal subjects, regarding safeguards for defence and external affairs, was approved by the late ruler while the State of Bahawalpur retained its autonomy. Clause 8 of the Instrument of Accession read: “nothing in this instrument affects the continuance of my sovereignty in and over this State or save so provided by or under this instrument…”

In the period between October 10, 1947, and September 11, 1948, the initial financial requirements of the new Dominion of Pakistan were settled by the late Ruler (Bahawalpur State to Region, by Dr Umbreen Javaid). Pakistan had no State Bank at the time so the Bank of Bahawalpur became the conduit. Its financial assistance to Pakistan was treated as a contribution, not a loan.

Offers by the Dominion Government to compensate the late ruler for the loss of his palaces in Delhi, Missouri and Simla were declined by the ruler. The Dominion Government of Pakistan conferred the honorary rank of Full General of Pakistan Army on the late ruler. It was to be the first of the honours the Dominion accorded him during his lifetime. Following the Instrument of Accession, in 1952, a Second Supplementary Instrument of Accession was drawn up by the late ruler at the request of Governor General Khawaja Nazmuddin for additional “Dominion Subjects” to be approved. This followed the Government of Bahawalpur Act 1952 that created an interim constitution promulgated by the ruler for his State to ensure that elections took place and altered his political position to that of a constitutional ruler.

In the same year, the late ruler was invited by the Governor General of Pakistan to pay an unprecedented three-day State visit. In 1955, it became expedient for the political unity of the Dominion for a merger to take place between the two States which the late ruler agreed to. Accordingly, a Merger Agreement was signed by the late ruler and the Governor General which dealt with the new political position of the Bahawalpur State and the status of the late ruler and his family, which the new Dominion guaranteed to maintain and respect.

Withdrawing to private life, the late ruler alternated between Bahawalpur and England where he had maintained his country home on Lord Cowrdry’s Estate since the 1920s and his London residence at White Hall. He maintained his secretariat in London and continued his engagements, as also with Buckingham Palace.

In 1959, the late ruler set up his charitable foundation. It was to consist of 1,700 acres to maintain charitable institutions, orphanages and mosques. This followed the grants going to educational institutions, such as endowments to the universities of Aligarh and Punjab, both of which honoured him with degrees of Doctorate of Law. In Lahore, he constructed and donated the Senate Hall of the Punjab University and at Aitchison College the swimming pool, a mosque, and an entire block called Bahawalpur House.

In 1959, President Ayub Khan visited Sadiqgarh Palace and in the Darbar Hall, in the presence of the officials of the Government of Pakistan and the Court, invested the late ruler with the Order of the Nishan-i-Quaid-i-Azam. It was to be the last honour the country could confer on him in his lifetime.

In 1965, war with India broke out. The late ruler, by now ailing, contributed extensively to the Defence of Pakistan Fund and also dispatched those regular units of the former Bahawalpur State Force that were retained by him to confront Indian aggression. This gesture for Pakistan was recorded by the Government of Pakistan in its Gazette Notification. It was to be his last gesture for the wellbeing of Pakistan for on May 24, 1966, he died.

With the death of the late Ruler, successive governments in Pakistan seem to have forgotten him and the enormity of his contribution to the formation of this country. Gestures such as commemorating his death anniversary are overlooked except at Bahawalpur. Even his name is not cited in the annual Roll Call of distinguished Pakistanis on August 14.

The writer is a grandson of the late Ruler of Bahawalpur

Nawab Salahuddin Abbasi

His Highness Nawab Salahuddin Abbasi            (Urdu: عزت مآب نواب صلاح الدین عباسی) is a Pakistani nobleman politician, parliamentarian and Head of the Abbasi Dynasty the former rulers of Bahawalpur State. He is also the grandson of His Highness General Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V, who was the last ruling Nawab of the Princely State Bahawalpur. He has been elected five times as Member of National Assembly from the city Ahmadpur East. He is also the Chief of Bahawalpur National Awami Party (BNAP) which is allied with Imran Khan's Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf. Nawab Salahuddin Abbasi is also a strong campaigner of restoration of Bahawalpur province and a influential personality of South Punjab.

Public Life
He was appointed as the Heir Apparent, on the death of his grandfather, 24 May 1966. Succeeded on the death of his father as Head of the Royal House of Bahawalpur, 14 April 1988. He is officially styled as H.H. Jalalat ul-Mulk, Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Nawab Salah ud-din Ahmad Khan Abbasi Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Amir of the God gifted kingdom of Bahawalpur. He is also the Patron of National Red Crescent Soc 1975. Patron-in-Chief Pakistan Social Association,  Anjuman Ashait-e-Seerat-un-Nabi (Bahawalpur), and Pakistan Minorities Social Welfare Organization. President Markazai Seerat Committee 1976, and Bahawalpur Divisional Rover Scouts. Chair Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Trust. Founder Dir Foundation for Advancement of Engineering Sciences & Advanced Technologies since 2001. Mbr National Seerat Committee 1976, Chancellor’s Committee of Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Governing Body of Sadiq Public School, Punjab Welfare Board, Punjab Council on Social Welfare, etc.

Nawab maintains the title of Nawab, a diplomatic car number plate and a diplomatic passport in Pakistan. He also enjoys a very respected status in the Bahawalpur region.

Nawab has remained member of the National Assembly repeatedly from the city Ahmadpur East as an independent candidate. In 2008 elections all of the Nawab backed candidates won from Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar and Rahim Yar Khan thus Nawab is said to have significant influence in the region. In 2012 Nawab formed his own political party Bahawalpur National Awami Party (BNAP) which in 2013 allied with Imran Khan led Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) for 2013 elections.

Brief History of the Life of His Highness Nawab Salah-ud-Din Ahmed Abbasi
His Highness Nawab Salah-ud-din Ahmed Abbasi
نواب صلاح الدین عباسی
Ahmadpur East
Nawab of Bahawalpur
14th April 1988 – Present
Other titles
Amir of Abbasi Dynasty, Head of Bahawalpur National Awami Party
Sadiq Garh Palace, Ahmadpur East
South Punjab
Nawab Muhammad Abbas Khan Abbasi Bahadur
Nawabzada (Prince) Muhammad Bahawal Abbas Khan Abbasi
The Begum of Bahawalpur
Nawabzada (Prince) Muhammad Bahawal Abbas Khan Abbasi
Sahibzadi (Princess) Aniza Saher Abbasi

Photos of Bahawalpur
Brief History: The princely state of Bahawalpur was founded in 1802 by Nawab Mohammad Bahawal Khan II. The state acceded to Pakistan on 7 October 1947 when Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V decided to join Pakistan. Bahawalpur became a province of Pakistan in 1952 and was merged into the province of West Pakistan on 14 October 1955. When West Pakistan was divided into four provinces (Sindh, Balochistan, NWFP, and Punjab), Bahawalpur was merged into Punjab.
Bahawalpur is located south of the Sutlej River and lies in the Cholistan region near the Thar Desert. Bahawalpur is known for its famous palaces such as the Noor Mahal, Sadiq Ghar Palace, and Darbar Mahal, as well as the ancient fort of Derawar in the Cholistan Desert. The city is located near the historical and ancient town of Uch. LalSuhanra National Park, a natural Safari Park, is also located in Bahawalpur.

Noor Mahal, BahawalpurNoor Mahal is a palace in Bahawalpur. It was built in 1872 by NawabSadiq Muhammad Khan IV for his wife. She stayed in the palace for only one night because she saw a graveyard from its balcony and refused to live there.

Inside View of Noor Mahal

Darbar Mahal, Bahawalpur. A former palace of the Nawabs (Rulers) of Bahawalpur.

Interior of Darbar Mahal, Bahawalpur. 

Sadiq Masjid, Bahawalpur.

Baradari at Darbar Mahal, Bahawalpur.

Water Stream (Channel) in Darbar Mahal, Bahawalpur.

Gulzar Mahal, Bahawalpur

Nishat Mahal, Bahawalpur.

Farrukh Mahal, Bahawalpur

Sadiq Garh Palace, DeraNawab Sahib, Bahawalpur. SadiqGarh Palace (Sleeping Beauty Castle) is situated at Dera Nawab Sahib (Ahmedpur East), about 30 miles from Bahawalpur. Sadiq Garh Palace was established in 1882 by Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan IV. Its construction was completed in 10 years. After Nawab’s death, the Palace had been sealed by the government for many decades due to a dispute among heirs. The building now gives a deserted look surrounded by wild growth of shrubs.

Historical Bell, Bahawalpur.

Historical Fountain, Bahawalpur.

Bahawalpur Airport, Sheikh Rashid Terminal Building. Bahawalpur Airport has been re-developed from funds of the United Arab Emirates government. A new terminal has also been constructed and named after the ruler of Dubai, Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum.

Bahawalpur Railway Station

Daewoo Bus Terminal, Bahawalpur

Baab-e-Farid (Farid Gate), Bahawalpur

Chowk Fawara, Circular Road, Bahawalpur

The Islamia University of Bahawalpur. The Islamia University of Bahawalpur (IUB) is located in Bahawalpur,Punjab. A religious University (JamiaAbbasia) was established in Bahawalpur in 1925, following the academic pursuits of Jamia Al-Azhar, Egypt. Jamia Abbasia was declared as a general University in 1975, and was renamed as The Islamia University of Bahawalpur. Initially, it started functioning at Abbasia and Khawaja Fareed Campuses.Later, a new campus,on 1250 acres of land, was constructed at Hasilpur Road about 8 km away from the city centre. It is known as Baghdad-ul-Jadeed Campus.  Two campuses of Islamia University were established at Rahim Yar Khan and Bahawalnagar in 2005.

Bahawal Victoria Hospital (BVH), BahawalpurBahawal Victoria Hospital (BVH) located in Bahawalpur, started functioning in 1876 as a Civil Hospital with an outdoor department, a dispensary and an operating theatre. In 1906, it was named Bahawal Victoria Hospital. In 1971, it was affiliated with Quaid-e-Azam Medical College as a teaching hospital.

Quaid-e-Azam Medical College (QAMC), Bahawalpur. Quaid-e-Azam Medical College was founded on 2nd December 1971.The college is affiliated for clinical training to Bahawal Victoria Hospital (BVH).During the first few years, the academic building was located in a Government Vocational Institute building in Satellite Town area (Baghdad-ul-Jadeed Road). By the time of passing out of the first batch, the present well designed and spacious building had been completed.

Sadiq Public School, Bahawalpur. Sadiq Public School, Bahawalpur is a boarding college-preparatory school. Day scholars also  study there. The foundation stone of the school was laid by Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V on 4 March 1953 and the school started functioning on 18 January 1954.

Dring Stadium, Bahawalpur. The Bahawalpur Stadium, locally known as Dring Stadium, is a multi-purpose stadium used mostly for Cricket games. The stadium has a capacity of 15,000 people. It hosted the second Test of Indian cricket team in 1954-55 during India’s inaugural tour of Pakistan. However, this was the only international Test match to be held at this ground.

Derawar Fort, Bahawalpur. Derawar Fort is located 45 km south of Dera Nawab.  The first fort on the site was built by Hindu Rajput, Rai Jajja Bhatti of Jaisalmer. It was captured and completely rebuilt by the nawabs of Bahawalpur in 1733. In 1747, the fort slipped from the hands of the Abbasis owing to Bahawal Khan’s preoccupations at Shikarpur. Nawab Mubarak Khan took the stronghold back in 1804.

The forty bastions of Derawar are visible for many miles in Cholistan Desert. The walls of the fort are 30 metres high with a circumference of 1.5 km. The mosque outside the fort is made of marble. It was built on the exact lines of the Moti Masjid in the Red Fort of Delhi (India). The fort is still the property of the Abbasi family and one has apply to the Bahawalpur PTDC to request a permit from Abbasi family. It takes a week for getting the permit. There is a royal necropolis ( Graveyard), five-minute walk to the east. Its tombs are adorned with exquisite blue tiles but it’s not open to visitors unless they are accompanied by a member of the Abbasi family.

Abbasi Masjid (Mosque) Outside the Derawar FortThe Abbasi Mosque (Masjid) outside the fort is made of marble. It was built on the exact lines of the Moti Masjid in the Red Fort of Delhi (India).

Aerial View of Derawar Fort and Abbasi Mosque, Bahawalpur

Tomb of Mayee Jiuundi in Uch Sharif, Bahawalpur

Lal Suhanra National Park.  LalSuhanra National Park, situated 35 km east of Bahawalpur, is located on both sides of Desert Branch canal. It is spread over an area of 153,000 acres and  notable for the diversity of its landscape, which includes areas of desert, forest and water.

Many species of animals can be found throughout the park. These include several wild animals of the desert such as wildcats, rabbits, bustards, and deer. Reptiles in the park include the Monitor lizard, Russell’s Viper, Indian Cobra, Saw Scaled Viper, Wolf Snake, John’s Sand Boa, and Spiny Tailed Lizard. More than 160 species of birds are also present, including the Houbara Bustard, Griffon Vulture, Crested Honey Buzzard, Marsh Harrier, Hen Harrier, Laggar Falcon, Peregrine Falcon, Kestrel, Eurasian Sparrowhawk, Egyptian Vulture, Lark, Shrike, Wheatear, and Barn Owl. Patisar Lake, located in the center of the park, is ideal for bird watching. In mid-winter, the lake is regularly home to between 10,000 and 30,000 ducks and common coot.

The Punjab government is converting the Lal Sohanra National Park into a Wildlife Safari Park of international standard. One of its most prominent attractions is currently the Lion Safari, where one can see lions in their natural habitat at close range. In addition, the park’s captive breeding suite holds a pair of Rhinoceros which were gifted from Nepal. Over 400 animals are currently being bred in the Lal Sohanra Park, including a large population of Black bucks, a breed of antelope most notable for its pronounced sexual dimorphism. The park is constantly supplied with new Black bucks in order to extend its efforts toward Black buck conservation.

Blackbucks and Deer at LalSuhanra National Park

Canal View at LalSuhanra National Park, Bahawalpur

Stamps Issued by Bahawalpur State. The State of Bahawalpur State issued its first stamps on 1st January 1945. These stamps were for official use only and totally inscribed in Arabic language. On 1st December 1947 the State of Bahawalpur issued first regular stamp, a commemorative stamp for the 200th anniversary of  Nawab Mohammad Bahawal Khan I. A series of 14 pictorials appeared on 1st April 1948, depicting various Nawabs and their buildings.

The Sadiq-ul-Akhbar, Bahawalpur: Edition of July 1939. This weekly newspaper was issued from Bahawalpur.

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