Sunday, 1 April 2012

Shrine of Bibi Jawindi at Uch Sharif, Pakistan

Bibi Jawindi, the great granddaughter of the saint Jahaniyan Jahangasht, was known for her piety. Her tomb is considered one of the most important, and the most ornate, sites in the town of Uch, which was the centre of Sufism under the Delhi sultanate. 

Tomb of Bibi Jawindi
The most elegant building and the prime attraction in Uch Sharif is the tomb of Bibi Jawindi. Since Jawindi is a popular name in this region so we believe, this name would be the most appropriate.

It is described by the historians that her mausoleum was built in 1494. The basic structure of her tomb is built by bricks, embellished with stunning glazed tile mosaic. The building is erected in three octagonal stories with lower storey supported by rounded and sloping corner turrets. The second storey was supported with a narrow gallery for walking round and the third is a hemispherical dome, which crowns the building.

There is an aesthetically carved wooden mehrab in the West wall. Basically it follows the typical pattern of Multani architecture on which the tombs of Hazrat Rukn-e-Alam and the Baha-ud-Deen Zakria are built.

The outside walls of the tomb are completely covered by glazed blue colored tiles while the turrets are surmounted with a bunch of broad flowering leaves. This unique design makes it different from Multani tombs.

In the same graveyard, there is another important tomb, which is known as the grave of Ustad Ladla, the architect-mason who constructed the tomb of Bibi Bibi Jawindi.

Outside these splendid building, there is a common graveyard where children used to play. The bricks of the tombs are in decay. Although this place is included in the list of World Heritage but there is nothing being done so far.

These unique and majestic shrines, which are supposedly the most attractive archaeological sites in Pakistan are crumbling down to dust due to negligence and improper care of the concerned authorities.

Some 200 years ago, these buildings were destroyed by the change of course of river and floods, which washed out most of the parts of the buildings. The collapsed portions of the building should be completed on top priority basis otherwise after few years we may not find any trace of these splendid pieces of architecture.

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