Friday, 6 April 2012

History of Uch Sharif (An Ancient City of the World), Bahawalpur, Pakistan


(Tomb of Bibi Jawindi)

Reasons of Destruction of Tombs

1. By Land Sliding: Uch’s old city was built on a small reef. It is believed that there used to be an old castle and this small mountain is actually the remaining of that old castle. Tombs of Bahaul Haleem along with tomb of Bibi Jawindi and Ustaad Nooria lie close to each other and at the bank of that old city. Floods further made this area delicate and now these monuments stand at the edge of the high area. Soon after floods, land underneath and near the monument slipped towards the sides and played its role in the destruction. This process is not stopped as strong concrete walls are built around the monuments in order to avoid further land sliding.

(Ruins of Uch Sharif)
2. By Flood & Strom: Uch Sharif is a rich cultivating area and there is a network of canals that irrigate the land around. Access of water and enrich soil are the factors that make this area that green. However, whereas this water is important for the fertility of the area, same water has caused enormous damage to the monuments in all respects. The tomb is constructed with clay and bricks and this clay is consistently dissolved and taken away by both rain water and floods. Although the whole tomb was covered with glazed tiles at one time, but once those protecting tiles were gone, erosion of mud started and continues till the time today.

(Ruins of Uch Sharif)
Geographically, Uch lies in the area where wind speed is quite fast. Sand and dusty storms also played their role in the destruction. Fast winds didn’t had significance until tombs walls were intact. However, after its 80% portion is gone, remaining walls are unsupported and bricks from the doom area are collapsing because of it.

3. By Local People: Although this seems ridiculous that followers and devotes themselves causing harm to the monument, but sight of the graves in the graveyard nearby reveals the story itself. Followers followed and honored the Sufias in their life and after death, they consider it a matter of honor for them to have a brick from the tomb of their Ustaad in their own grave. To them, it’s a way of associating themselves with their honorable Peer. On discussing the issue with a local Riaz Ahmed, he mentioned 

(Street of Uch Sharif)
“These are the stronger people who do this, we, being the poor neither date to do so nor we can stop them from doing this, although most of us consider this act as wrong”.

4. By Visitors: There are many villages around the Uch and people at different times visit these saints to offer their homage. While we were doing our research there, we met Mr. Mistree Mohtaar Ahmed, who lived in Ali Poor Shareef which lies at 25 Km from the Uch. He stated that people come and take some stone of the tomb with belief that blessings from those Sufias will reach this way to their homes. And this is not just blame to the local people only; many educated people visiting these monuments were equally responsible. I myself wished I could take some brick, some stone or portion of tile from here, of ours not with blessing point of view, but the thought to keep something marvelous and keep it with me for the rest of my life. I am happy; I am not among those unfortunate people who knowingly or unknowingly are damaging this splendor historical monument

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