Monday, 26 March 2012

Saraiki People



The Saraiki people (Saraiki: سرائيکی Perso-Arabic, ਸਰਾਇਕੀ Gurmukhi)[1] or Multani people (ملتانی Perso-Arabic, मुल्तानी Devanagari,[2] ਮੁਲਤਾਨੀ Gurmukhi) are an ethnic group from the central and south-eastern areas of Pakistan, especially the former princely state of Bahawalpur and the districts of Multan, Lodhran, Vehari, Khanewal, Rahim Yar Khan, Rajanpur, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Layyah, Bhakkar, Mianwali, Dera Ismail Khan, Bahawalnagar, Sukkur, Larkana, Dadu , Sehwan, Sanghar,Nawabshah, Hyderabad, Sindh, Mirpurkhas. A significant number of Saraikis also reside in India, with most concentrated in Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Maharashtra and Gujarat. The Saraikis speak the Saraiki language. Saraikis follow Islam and were earlier known as Sauvira[3].

Saraiki Prominent People
  1. Attaullah Khan Niazi, poet and singer
  2. Yousuf Raza Gilani, current Prime Minister of Pakistan
  3. Ishaq Khan Khakwani, Former Minister of State for Information Technology and Telecommunications Division and Railways
  4. Javed Hashmi, former member of the National Assembly of Pakistan, representing Multan City
  5. Shah Mehmood Qureshi, Former Foreign Minister of Pakistan
  6. Balakh Sher Mazari, served as acting Prime Minister of Pakistan (18 April 1993 – 26 May 1993) 
  7. Mushtaq Ahmed Gurmani, Governor of Punjab (1954–1955) and Governor of West Pakistan (1955–1957)
  8. Sadiq Hussain Qureshi, Governor of Punjab (1974–1975) and Chief Minister of Punjab (1975–1977)
  9. Mian Mumtaz Daultana, Chief Minister of Punjab (1951–1955)
  10. Hina Rabbani Khar, Minister (2008)
  11. Musbah-Ul-Haq, Captain Pakistan Cricket team.
  12. Inzamam-ul-Haq, Cricketer
  13. Imran Khan, Chairman Pakistan Tahreek-e-Insaaf

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References:

[1] Gurmukhi is the most common script used for writing the Punjabi language. An abugida derived from the Laṇḍā script and ultimately descended from Brahmi, Gurmukhi was standardized by the second Sikh guru, Guru Angad Dev Ji, in the 16th century. The whole of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji's 1430 pages are written in this script. The name Gurmukhi is derived from the Old Punjabi term "guramukhī", meaning "from the mouth of the Guru".

(A handwritten Guru Granth Sahib in Gurmukhi)

Modern Gurmukhi has forty-one consonants (vianjan), nine vowel symbols (lāga mātrā), two symbols for nasal sounds (bindī and ṭippī), and one symbol which duplicates the sound of any consonant (addak). In addition, four conjuncts are used: three subjoined forms of the consonants Rara, Haha and Vava, and one half-form of Yayya. Use of the conjunct forms of Vava and Yayya is increasingly scarce in modern contexts.
Gurmukhi is primarily used in the Punjab state of India where it is the sole official script for all official and judicial purpose. The script is also widely used in the Indian states of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and the national capital of Delhi, with Punjabi being one of the official language in these states. Gurmukhi has been adapted to write other languages, such as Braj Bhasha, Khariboli (and other Hindustani dialects), Sanskrit and Sindhi. Gurmukhi is the ecclesiastical script of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, the eternal Guru of the Sikhs.

[2] Devanagari also called Nagari (Nāgarī, नागरी, the name of its parent writing system), is an abugida alphabet of India and Nepal. It is written from left to right, does not have distinct letter cases, and is recognizable (along with most other North Indic scripts, with few exceptions like Gujarati and Oriya) by a horizontal line that runs along the top of full letters. Devanāgarī is the main script used to write Standard Hindi, Marathi, and Nepali. Since the 19th century, it has been the most commonly used script for Sanskrit. Devanāgarī is also employed for Bhojpuri, Gujari, Pahari, (Garhwali and Kumaoni), Konkani,Magahi, Maithili, Marwari, Bhili, Newari, Santhali, Tharu, and sometimes Sindhi,Dogri, Sherpa and by Kashmiri-speaking Hindus. It was formerly used to write Gujarati.

(Rigveda manuscript in Devanāgarī (early 19th century))
[3] Sauvira was a kingdom mentioned in the epic Mahabharata. According to the epic, Jayadratha was the king of Sindhus, Sauviras and Sivis. Probably Sauvira and Sivi were two kingdoms close to the Sindhu kingdom and Jayadratha conquered them. Jayadratha was an ally of Duryodhana and husband of Duryodhana's sister Dussala. The kingdom of Sauvira was also mentioned to be not very far away from Dwaraka and Anarta kingdoms. According to Bhagwat Puran Sauviras were once connected with Abhira tribe.

(Map of ancient Indian kingdoms.)
According to some texts, Sauvira was south of Sindhu in the delta of the Indus river; while later historians (Al-Beruni) considered Sauvira to represent southwest Punjab, including Multan, Mithankot and adjacent areas at the region of the confluence of Indus river with other rivers of Punjab. Sauvira is presumed to be derived from two words: Su (great or good) or Sau (one hundred) and Veer (brave or wise).

2 comments:

  1. ڄناب صدر صاحب تے گورنر کھوسہ صاحب!

    ١۔اسلام آباد تے کراچی وچ اردو یونی ورسٹی ھے پئی۔ہک سرائیکی میڈیم :سرائیکی یونیورسٹی برائے صحت انجینئرنگ تے سائنس آرٹس ٻݨاؤ جیندے کیمپس ہر وݙے شہر وچ ھوون۔

    ۔٢۔تعلیمی پالسی ڈو ھزار نو دے مطابق علاقائی زباناں لازمی مضمون ھوسن تے ذریعہ تعلیم وی ھوسن۔ سرائیکی بارے عمل کرتے سرائیکی کوں سکولاں کالجاں وچ لازمی کیتا ونڄے تے ذریعہ تعلیم تے ذریعہ امتحان بݨاؤ۔

    ٣۔سرائیکی کوں قومی زبان دا درجہ ڈیوو.۔

    ۔٤۔ نادرا سندھی اردو تے انگریزی وچ شناختی کارݙ جاری کریندے۔ سرائیکی وچ وی قومی شناختی کارڈ جاری کرے۔

    ۔٥۔ ھر ھر قومی اخبار سرائیکی سندھی تے اردو وچ شائع کیتا ونڄے۔کاغذ تے اشتہارات دا کوٹہ وی برابر ݙتا ونڄے۔

    ۔٦۔ پاکستان دے ہر سرکاری تے نجی ٹی وی چینل تے سرائیکی، سندھی، پشتو ، پنجابی،بلوچی تے اردو کوں ہر روز چار چار گھنٹے ݙتے ونڄن۔

    ۔٧۔سب نیشنل تے ملٹی نیشنل کمپنیاں سرائیکی زبان کوں تسلیم کرن تے ہر قسم دی تحریر تے تشہیر سرائیکی وچ وی کرن۔

    ۔٨۔۔سرائیکی ہر ملک وچ وسدن ایں سانگے سرائیکی ہک انٹر نیشنل زبان اے۔ سکولاں وچ عربی لازمی کائنی ، تاں ول انگریزی تے اردو دے لازمی ھووݨ دا کیا ڄواز اے؟

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