Wednesday, 18 January 2017

Safarnamay: Keep Calm and Go Nawabi! (Part 2)

Safarnamay: Keep Calm and Go Nawabi! (Part 2): Though I am sure that the first part of my blog on Bahawalpur did put a visit to the marvelous city on your to-do-list for next winter, t...

Safarnamay: Keep Calm and Go Nawabi! (Part 1)

Safarnamay: Keep Calm and Go Nawabi! (Part 1): Our love for travelling and photography has taken me and my husband to various countries around the globe. Each year of our marriage ha...

Wednesday, 17 August 2016

Interesting Story of Rolls Royce & Nawab of Bahawalpur

One day during his visit to London, Nawab of Bahawalpur was walking in casual dress in Bond Street. He saw a Rolls Royce showroom and went inside to inquire about the Price and Features etc of their cars.
Considering him a just another Poor Indian citizen, showroom salesmen insulted him and almost showed him the way out of the showroom. After this insult, Nawab of Bahawalpur came back to his Hotel room and asked his servants to call the showroom that Nawab of Bahawalpur city is interested in purchasing their few Cars.
After few hours King reached the Rolls Royce showroom again but with his full astonishing royal manner and in his royal costume. Until he reached the showroom there was already red carpet on the floor and all the salesmen were bent with respect. The King purchased all the six cars that they had at showroom at that time and paid full amount with delivery costs.
After reaching Pakistan, Nawab of Bahawalpur ordered municipal department to use all those six Rolls Royce cars for cleaning and transporting city’s waste. World’s number one Rolls Royce cars were being used for transportation of City’s waste, the news spread all over the world rapidly and the reputation of Rolls Royce Company was in drains.

Whenever someone used to boast in Europe or America that he owned a Rolls Royce, people used to laugh saying, “which one? The same that is used in Pakistan for carrying the waste of the City?”
Due to such reputation damages, sales of Rolls Royce dropped rapidly and revenue of company owners started falling down. Then they sent a Telegram to the Nawab of Bahawalpur for apologies and requested to stop transportation of waste in Rolls Royce cars. Not only this but they also offered Six new cars to Nawab of Bahawalpur free of cost.
When Nawab of Bahawalpur observed that Rolls Royce has learnt a lesson and they are sorry for their mistakes, He stopped using those cars for carrying wastes.

After some years Nawab of Bahawalpur Gifted the one of new Rolls Royce to King Saud’s visit to Pakistan. That was first ever Rolls Royce in Saudi Arabia. One of new car was Gifted to Muhammad Ali Jinnah Quaid-e-Azam of Pakistan. 

Prince Bahawal graduates from King’s College

AHMEDPUR EAST-Prince Bahawal Abbas Khan Abbasi, son of Bahawalpur Amir Nawab Salahuddin Abbasi, got post-graduation degree in International Political Economy (IPE) from King’s College London.

According to family sources, Nawab Salahuddin Abbasi and other family members attended the graduation ceremony held in London the other day.

It is pertinent to mention that Prince Bahawal had passed A-Level Examination from Lahore Aitcheson College and got higher education in Canada.

Later, he moved to London and got enrolled in King’s College where he completed his graduation in the IPE.

Meanwhile, London-based Pakistani community met Nawab Salahuddin Abbasi and his son Prince Bahawal at their hotel in London.

They congratulated Nawab Salahuddin for the prince brilliant success.

Published in The Nation newspaper on 17-Aug-2016

Wednesday, 8 June 2016

The old fountain from London

The fountain in the heart of Bahawalpur is not an ordinary landmark; it’s a gift from the legendary Queen Victoria to Nawab Sadiq Khan Abbasi

So the story goes that in 1880, Queen Victoria commissioned W.T. Allen and Company in London to construct two exquisite fountains — one was to be installed near the Buckingham Palace while the other shipped across the oceans to Karachi, from where the delicate fountain was to be transported upcountry to the state of Bahawalpur. It was a gift from the legendary queen to Nawab Sadiq Khan Abbasi IV, the ruler of 17 gun salute state.

The fountain was installed in front of the Sadiqgarh Palace, the royal residence at Dera Nawab Sahib, a few kilometres outside Bahawalpur. It remained there for the next few decades as a symbol of respect for the crown and the Nawab of Bahawalpur.

Queen Victoria’s gift was a masterpiece. It had multiple layers where water would fall from top to first to second and finally to last and biggest pool on the ground level.

This was a typical Victorian-era masterpiece with a jet water flow system which was at some point in time changed with modern water pumping system.

A plaque at the fountain’s base reads, “State of Bahawalpur, 1880, Nawab His Highness, Sadik Muhammadd Khan” and built by “W.T. Allen and Co, Lambeth Hills, Upper Thames Street, London”.

Back then, W.T. Allen and Company was England’s leading manufacturer of ornamental cast iron and metal products, and their products included the Victorian postboxes, ornate lamps at Trafalgar Square – and, of course, decorative fountains.

In 1903, Bahawal Khan Abbasi was installed as the nawab after a four-year regency period under Leopold John Herbert Grey, following the death of Nawab Sadiq Khan IV in 1899. Nawab Abbasi was a benevolent as well as an enterprising soul. He ordered reinstallation of the fountain in the centre of Bahawalpur city, and personally supervised the operation.

The fountain was inaugurated by none other than Lord Curzon, the Viceroy of India, who was in Bahawalpur to supervise the Nawab’s coronation in November of 1903.

For the next century or so, the fountain served the people of Bahawalpur. It was cleaned and run on all state and national occasions. It became one of the city’s main landmarks, popularly called the Fowara Chowk.

Wednesday, 29 April 2015

Mr. Qaiser Mushtaq Vice Chancellor, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan

The Punjab Government has appointed Prof. Dr. Qaiser Mushtaq as the new Vice Chancellor of the Islamia University of Bahawalpur. His biography, achievements, Honours and Awards is as under:
Qaiser Mushtaq (born 28 February 1954), (D.Phil.(Oxon)ASAKIA), is a prominent Pakistani mathematician and academic who has made numerous contributions in the field of Group theory and Semi group. He is a Professor of Mathematics, and Dean Faculty of Natural sciences at the Quaid-i-Azam University of Islamabad. Mr. Qaiser Mushtaq is one of the leading mathematicians and educationists in Pakistan. Through his research and writings, he has exercised a profound influence on Mathematics in Pakistan. Mushtaq is an Honorary Full Professor at the Mathematics Division of the Institute for Basic Research, Florida, USA.
His research contributions in the fields of group theory and LA-semigroup Theory have won him recognition at both national and international levels. In Graham Higman's words, "he has laid the foundation of coset diagrams for the modular group", to study the actions of groups on various spaces and projective lines over Galois fields. This work has been cited in the Encyclopedia of Design Theory.
Qaiser Mushtaq was born in Sheikhupura, Pakistan to Pir Mushtaq Ali, and belongs to the Qureshi family of Gujranwala. He is a descendant of Shah Jamal Nuri. Mushtaq married to a senior journalist educated from the National University of Singapore and Wolfson College, Oxford. They have two daughters, Shayyan Qaiser and Zara Qaiser.
He received primary education from the Convent of Jesus and Mary, Sialkot, and secondary education from Government Pilot Secondary School, Sialkot. Mushtaq studied for a certain period at Murray College till his family moved to Rawalpindi, where he studied at Gordon College. He did his MSc and M.Phil. from Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad. He then joined Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, as a lecturer for a period of one year before returning to Quaid-i-Azam University in 1979. Later, in 1980, he received the prestigious Royal Scholarship to do his D.Phil. at Wolfson College, Oxford. He was a doctoral student of Graham Higman and was awarded a doctorate in 1983 for a thesis entitledCoset Diagrams for the Modular Group. In 1990 he was at the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, Italy, as a visiting mathematician. He also worked as an Associate Professor at the University Brunei Darussalam from 1993 to 1999, after which he returned to Pakistan.
Mushtaq is a Tenured Professor at Quaid-i-Azam University, and a former Syndicate Member, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad. He is also an Honorary Full Professor at the Mathematics Division, Institute for Basic Research, Florida, USA.
Research in mathematics
He has parametrised actions of the modular group on projective lines over Galois fields. This method has proven to be so effective and rewarding, that its wide uses can be seen in Combinatorial Group Theory, Algebraic Number Theory, and Theory of Group Graphs. His graphical technique helped to solve George Abram Miller's problem (1901) on alternating groups as homomorphic images of the modular group.
He has also invented a new algebraic structure known as Locally Associative LA-semigroup, and has done some fundamental research on LA-semigroups producing some significant results in this theory. Consequently, a number of useful mathematical results have emerged which otherwise were applicable under restricted conditions only.
Mushtaq has collaborated in research with legends like the late Graham HigmanFRS (Oxford) and the late Gian-Carlo Rota (MIT). He has been an invited speaker at Oxford University, MSRI Berkeley, Harvard University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Southampton University; and an invited speaker at several international conferences.
He has supervised, as a sole supervisor, the highest number of M.Phil. and PhD students in Pure Mathematics in Pakistan (see the Mathematics Genealogy Project). As a result, he has established a research group in Pakistan, the largest of its kind, which is producing high level original research in mathematics.

Research papers

Mushtaq has over a hundred research papers to his credit. He has written and edited several books, some of which are, Mathematics: The Islamic Legacy (which received a prize from the National Book Council of Pakistan), published by UNESCO and other international publishers; A Course in Group Theory, and Discrete Lectures in Mathematics. He has also written books on topics other than mathematics. They are, Focus on Pakistan, and Pakistan: An Introduction. He was also an invited writer for the monumental book, comprising six volumes, entitled the History of Civilizations of Central Asia, published by UNESCO (translated into several foreign languages).
He is also famous for his analytical writings and research articles on history, mathematics, science, education, and philosophy. He has been an active opposer of the use of impact factors and citation counts of the Higher Education Commission. He led the movement against its use which he believed has damaged the growth of mathematics in Pakistan. One of his essays has been published by the American Mathematical Society which won appreciation and support by many mathematicians from all over the world. The International Mathematical Union has included it in its report on the use of impact factors. Mushtaq also founded the well known mathematical quarterly, PakMS Newsletter, in Pakistan.

Journals and Bulletins

He is an editor of the Asian-European Journal of Mathematics (World Scientific). He is an associate editor of the Bulletin of the Southeast Asian Mathematical Society (Springer-Verlag). Additionally, he is an editor of the Quasigroups and Related Systems (Maldova Academy of Sciences) and the Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Society, an advisory editor of the Journal of Interdisciplinary Mathematics, an associate editor of the journal Advances in Algebra and Analysis, a reviewer for the Mathematical Reviews of the American Mathematical Society (USA) and the Zentrablatt fur Mathematik (Springer-Verlag, Germany).

Honours and awards

He was an overseas scholar of the Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851 in 1980 and a senior Fulbright Scholar in 1990. Mushtaq was elected an Associate Member of theInternational Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, Italy in 1991.
Mushtaq's international recognition is evident by the numerous citations of his research work and several international and national awards for his contribution in mathematics. He has been awarded several awards due to his contribution to mathematical sciences.
·         Chowla Medal (1977)
·         Salam Prize in Mathematics (1987)
·         Mathematician of the Year Award (1987) by the National Book Council of Pakistan
·         Gold Medal of Honour (1987) from United States
·         Mathematician of the Year Award (1990) by the National Book Council of Pakistan
·         M. Raziuddin Siddiqi Gold Medal (1991) from the Pakistan Academy of Sciences
·         First Khwārizmī Award (1992) from the President of Iran
·         Young Scientist of the South Award (1993) from Third World Academy of Sciences, Italy
·         5th National Education Award (1999) by the National Education Forum
·         Gold Medal in Mathematics (2000) from the Pakistan Academy of Sciences.

Academic societies

Mushtaq founded the internationally acclaimed mathematical society, the Pakistan Mathematical Society. He also founded the series of international conferences, namely IPMC, in Pakistan, which now has become an icon of mathematics in Pakistan and is a well known international mathematical activity. The conference takes place every August in Islamabad.
He is a member of the American Mathematical Society, the Oxford Society, the London Mathematical Society, and the Punjab Mathematical Society. He has been the President of the Brunei Darussalam Mathematics Society, and he is the current President of the Pakistan Mathematical Society.
Mushtaq helped to start the Islamic Society at Oxford. He was its vice-president and secretary in 1980 to 1983. He also helped to rejuvenate the Oxford University Pakistan Society of which he was the Vice-President from 1981 to 1982.
In Pakistan, he started the 'Mathematical Seminar Series' at Quaid-i-Azam University in 1983 and developed it into an institution recognised nationally. At Quaid-i-Azam University, he founded the 'Algebra Forum' which has held advanced level seminars on algebra in particular and on various academic topics of general interest. He reformed and restructured the Mathematical Society of Brunei Darussalam as its President.


Mushtaq stated that:
"we do fundamental research, not only to acquire results solely, but because the process is an ennobling one,"
As Graham Higman told Mushtaq in an interview on Pakistan Television in 1987.:
"It is one that makes you more worthwhile than before; it is something that if you cut yourself off from, you are making yourself less human than you ought to be."
This has been quoted in the obituary of Graham Higman in the Telegraph on 26 May 2008

Brief Introduction about Mr. Qaiser Mushtaq
28 February 1954 (age 61)
Sheikhupura, Pakistan
Islamabad, Pakistan
Quaid-e-Azam University(QAU)
Oxford University
Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI)
Harvard University
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Southampton University
Institute for Basic Research(IBR)
University of the Punjab
Quaid-i-Azam University
University of Oxford.
Graham Higman
Other academic advisors
Gian-Carlo Rota
Known for
His work on the Coset diagrams, Group theory(mathematics)
Notable awards
Chowla Medal (1977)
Abdus Salam Award (1987)
Mathematician of the Year (1987)
Gold Medal of Honour(USA) (1987)
Mathematician of the Year (Pakistan) (1990)
M. Raziuddin Siddiqi Gold Medal (Pakistan) (1991)
Khwarizmi Award (1992)
Young Scientist of the South Award (TWAS, Italy) (1993)
5th National Education Award (1999)
Gold Medal in Mathematics (Pakistan) (2000)

Thanks: Wikipedia

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